General References

Bullard, E.C., Everett, J.E. & Smith, A.G., 1965. The fit of the continents around the Atlantic. Royal Society of London Transactions, series A., 258, 41-51.

Butler, R., 1992. Palaeomagnetism: Magnetic domains to geological terranes. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 319pp.

Bianco, G., Devoti, R., Fermi, M., Luceri, V., Rutigliano, P. and Sciarretta, C., 1998. A contribution in the estimation of tectonic motion in crucial areas: the CGS96 SLR solution, Tectonophysics, 294 (3-4), 225-236.

Bijwaard, H. and Spakman, W., 1999. Tomographic evidence for narrow whole mantle plume below Iceland, Earth and planetary Science Letters, 166, 121-126.Cande, S.C. and Kent, D.V., 1995. Revised calibration of the geomagnetic polarity timescale for the Late Cretaceous and Cenozoic, J. Geophys. Res. 100, 6093-6095.

Courtillot, V., Jaupart, C., Manighetti, I., Taponnier, P. and Besse, J., 1999. On causal links between flood basalts and continental breakup, Earth and planetary Science Letters, 166, 177-195.Cox, A. & Hart, R.B., 1986. Plate tectonics: How it works. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 382 pp.

Engelder, T., 1993. Stress regimes in the lithosphere, 457 pp., Princeton University Press, Princeton

Gölke, M. & Coblentz, D., 1996. Origins of the European regional stress field, Tectonophysics, 266, 11-24.

Jupp, P.E. and Kent, J.T., 1987.  Fitting smooth paths to spherical data.  Applied statistics, 36, 1,34-46.

Lawver, L.A., Müller, R.D., Srivastava, S.P. and Roest, W., 1990. The Opening of the Arctic Ocean, in Geologic History of the Polar Oceans: Arctic Versus Antarctic,, edited by U. Bleil and J. Thiede, pp. 29-62.

Lawver, L.A. and Müller, R.D., 1994. Iceland hotspot track, Geology, 22, 311-314.Lock, J. & McElhinny, M.W., 1991. Global Palaeomagnetic Data base: Design, installation  and use with Oracle. Surv.Geophysics, 12, 317, 1991.

Lottes, A.L. and Rowley, D.B. 1990. Reconstruction of the Laurasian and Gondwana segments of Permian Pangaea. In: Palaeozoic Palaeogeography and Biogeography (edited by McKerrow, W.S. and  Scotese, C.R.).  Geological Society London Memoir 12, 383-395.

McElhinny, M.W., 1973. Palaeomagnetism and Plate Tectonics, Cambridge, London, 356pp.

Müller, R.D., Royer, J.Y. and Lawver, L.A., 1993. Revised plate motions relative to the hotspots from combined Atlantic and Indian Ocean hotspot tracks, Geology, 21 (3), 275-278.

Müller, R.D., Roest, W.R., Royer, J-Y, Gahagan, L.M. & Sclater, J.G., 1997. DIGITAL ISOCHRONS OF THE WORLD'S OCEAN FLOOR. J. Geoph. Res. 102 (B2): 3211-3214, 1997

Norton, I.O., 1995. Plate motions in the North Pacific: the 43 Ma nonevent, Tectonics, 14 (5), 1080-1094.

Olesen, O., Gellein, J. Hċbrekke, H., Kihle, O., Skilbrei, J.R. & Smethurst, M.A., 1997. Magnetic anomaly map of Norway and adjacent ocean areas.  Scale 1:3 million.  Geological Survey of Norway.

Skogseid, J., Planke, S., Faleide, J.I., Pedersen, T., Eldhom, O. & Neverdal, F., 2000. NE Atlantic continental rifting and volcanic margin formation. In (Eds. Nĝttvedt et al.) Dynamics of the Norwegian Margin.  Geol. Soc. Lond., Spec. Publ., 167, 295-326.

Richardson, R.M., 1992. Ridge forces, absolute plate motion, and intraplate stress field, Journal of Geophysical Research B, solid earth and planets, 97 (B8), 11739-11748.

Roest, W.R. and Srivastava, S.P., 1989. Sea-floor spreading in the Labrador Sea: A new reconstruction, Geology, 17 (11), 1000-1003.

Rowley, D.B. and Pindell, J.L., 1989. End Paleozoic-Early Mesozoic western Pangean reconstruction and its implications for the distribution of Precambrian and Paleozoic rocks around Meso-America, Precambrian Research, 42, 411-444.

Royer, W.R., Müller, R.D., Gahagan, L.M., Lawver, L.M., Mayes, C.L., Nürnberg, D. and Sclater, J.G., A global isochron chart, University of Texas Institut of Geophysics, 1992.Torsvik, T.H. & Trench, A., 1991. Short Paper:The Ordovician history of the Iapetus Ocean in Britain: new palaeomagnetic constraints. Journal of the Geological Society of London, 148, 423-425

Saunders, A.D., Fitton, J.G., Kerr, A.C., Norry, M.J. and Kent, R.W., 1997, The North Atlantic Igneous province.  In:  (Mahoney, J.J. and Coffin, M.F., eds.) Large Igneous Provinces, Geophysical Monograph 100, American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C. p. 45-93.

Srivastava, S.P. and Roest, W.R., 1989, Seafloor spreading history II-IV, in East Coast Basin Atlas Series: Labrador Sea, J.S. Bell (co-ordinator). Atlantic Geoscience Centre, Geologic Survey of Canada, Map sheets L17-2 - L17-6.

Steinberger, B. and O'Connell, R.J., 1998. Advection of plumes in mantle flow: implications for hotspot motion, mantle viscosity and plume distribution, Geophysical Journal International, 132, 412-434.

Tarduno, J.A. and Cotrell, R.D., 1997. Paleomagnetic evidence for motion of the Hawaiian hotspot during formation of the Emperor seamounts, Earth and planetary Science Letters, 153, 171-180.

Torsvik, T.H. and Smethurst, M.A., 1999.  Plate Tectonic modeling: Virtual Reality with GMAP.  Computer & Geosciences, 25, 395-402.

Torsvik, T.H., Mosar, J. & Eide, E.A., 2001a. Cretaceous-Tertiary Geodynamics: A North Atlantic exercise. Geophysical Journal International (in review).

Torsvik, T.H., Smethurst, M.A., Van der Voo, R., Trench, A., Abrahamsen, N. & Halvorsen, E., 1992. Baltica: A synopsis of Vendian-Permian palaeomagnetic data and their palaeo-tectonic implications. Earth Science Reviews, 33, 133-152.

Torsvik, T.H., Van der Voo, R., Meert, J.G., Mosar, J. & Walderhaug, H.J., 2001b.  Reconstructions of the Continents Around the North Atlantic at About the 60th Parallel. Earth Planetary Science Letters, 187, 55..

Torsvik, T.H., Smethurst, M.A., Meert, J.G.,Van der Voo, R., McKerrow, W.S., Brasier, M.D., Sturt, B.A. & Walderhaug. H.J., 1996.  Continental break-up and collision in the Neoproterozoic and Palaeozoic:A tale of Baltica and Laurentia.  Earth Science Reviews, 40, 229-258.

Van der Voo, R., 1988. Palaeozoic paleogeography of North America, Gondwana, and intervening displaced terranes: Comparisons of palaeomagnetism with paleoclimatology and biogeographical patterns. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 100, 311-324.

Van der Voo, R., 1993. Paleomagnetism of the Atlantic, Tethys and Iapetus Ocean.  Cambride University Press, 411 pages.

Wyllie, P.J., 1976. The way the Earth works: An introduction to the new global geology and its revolutionary development. John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, London, 296 pp.

Wdowinski, S., 1998. A theory of intraplate tectonics, Journal of Geophysical Research B, solid earth and planets, 103 (B3), 5037-5059.

Wuming, B., Vigny, C., Ricard, Y. and Froidevaux, C., 1992. On the origin of deviatoric stress in the lithosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research B, solid earth and planets, 97 (B8), 11729-11737.

Yale, M.M. and Morgan, J.P., 1998. Asthenosphere flow model of hotspot - ridge interactions: a comparison of Iceland and Kerguelen, Earth and planetary Science Letters, 161, 45-56.

Zoback, M.L., 1992. First- and second-order patterns of stress in the lithosphere: the World Stress Map project, Journal of Geophysical Research B, solid earth and planets, 97 (B8), 11703-11728.